October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). There are 87 days remaining. It is also the most populous birthday of the year statistically.
- 1864 - Calcutta, India almost totally destroyed by a cyclone - 60,000 die
- 1877 - Chief Joseph surrenders his Nez Perce band to General Nelson A. Miles[?]
- 1908 - Bulgaria declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire - Ferdinand I of Bulgaria[?] becomes Tsar
- 1910 - Portugal overthrows the monarchy
- 1921 - The World Series was broadcast on the radio for the first time.
- 1944 - Canadian Air Force pilots shoot down the first German Jet fighter over France
- 1947 - In the first televised White House address, President Harry S Truman urged Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Sundays to help starving people in other countries.
- 1953 - Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th Chief Justice of the United States.
- 1962 - The Beatles released their first hit, "Love Me Do," in Britain.
- 1969 - The first broadcast of Monty Python's Flying Circus
- 1970 -
- 1981 - Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honorary American citizen
- 1984 - Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger (41-6).
- 1990 - After one hundred and fifty years, ten months and two days, The Herald broadsheet newspaper in Melbourne, Australia is published for the last time as a separate newspaper. Founded in 1840 as The Port Phillip Herald, it is merged with its morning tabloid sister paper The Sun News Pictorial and the first issue of the new Herald-Sun, described by owner Rupert Murdoch as "The world's first 24-hour newspaper" with morning and afternoon editions is published on the 8th.
- 1703 - Jonathan Edwards, evangelical Christian leader
- 1713 - Denis Diderot, philosopher
- 1824 - Henry Chadwick, baseball writer and statistician
- 1878 - Louise Dresser, actress (+ 1965)
- 1830 - Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (+ 1886)
- 1882 - Robert Goddard, rocket scientist
- 1919 - Donald Pleasence, actor
- 1902 - Larry Fine[?], vaudeville, actor (Three Stooges) (+ 1975)
- 1902 - Ray Kroc[?], entrepreneur (see McDonald's Corporation) (+ 1984)
- 1907 - Mrs. Miller, singer (+ 1997)
- 1908 - Joshua Logan[?], film director, writer (+ 1988)
- 1917 - Allen Ludden[?], television game show host (+ 1981)
- 1919 - Donald Pleasence, actor (+ 1995)
- 1923 - Glynis Johns, actress
- 1924 - Bill Dana[?], actor, comedian
- 1930 - Pavel Popovich, cosmonaut
- 1933 - Diane Cilento[?], actress
- 1935 - Diahann Carroll, actress
- 1936 - Vaclav Havel, playwright, president of the Czech Republic
- 1937 - Barry Switzer, American football coach
- 1943 - Steve Miller[?], musician
- 1948 - Tawl Ross[?], musician (P Funk)
- 1951 - Karen Allen[?], actress
- 1952 - Clive Barker, writer
- 1954 - Bob Geldof, musician
- 1962 - Michael Andretti[?], auto racer
- 1965 - Mario Lemieux, hockey player for the Pittsburgh Penguins
- 1965 - Patrick Roy[?], hockey player
- 1967 - Guy Pearce, actor
- 1972 - Grant Hill[?], Orlando Magic basketball player
- 1975 - Kate Winslet, actress
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
October 4 - October 6 - September 5 - November 5 - more historical anniversaries