Herod the Great
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Herod the Great (c.74-4BC) was King of Judaea, but only by the blessings of Rome. His first appointment as Governor of Galillee[?] in 47BC was due to Julius Caesar. Seven years later, Mark Antony elevated him to king, and in 31BC Augustus allowed him to retain his throne. Herod is known for being a ruthless ruler, but he was also an able and far-sighted administrator who helped in building the economic might of Judaea, founding cities and developing agricultural projects, the most famous project involving rebuilding of the Jewish Temple. His cruelty was reflected in the Gospel account of the Massacre of the Innocents.