Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s - 1900s - 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s
Years: 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 - 1900 - 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905
- January 2 - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy[?] to promote trade with China.
- January 2 - Chicago Canal[?] opens.
- January 5 - Irish leader John Edward Redmond[?] calls for a revolt against British rule.
- January 6 - It is reported that millions are starving in India.
- January 6 - Boers attack Ladysmith[?] - over 1000 people killed
- January 8 - United States President William McKinley places Alaska under military rule.
- January 16 - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounced its claims to the Samoan islands
- January 27 - Boxer rebellion: Foreign diplomats in Peking China demand that the Boxer rebels be disciplined.
- January 29 - The American Baseball League[?] is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with 8 founding teams.
- January 30 - United Kingdom forces fighting Boers in South Africa ask for reinforcements.
- February 2 - The American League of Major League Baseball is formed
- February 3 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebels[?] is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky. Former-Secretary of State Caleb Powers[?] was later found guilty in a conspiracy to kill Goebels.
- February 7 - The British Labour Party is formed
- February 8 - British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith[?], South Africa
- February 9 - Richard Wigginton Thompson, congressman
- February 14 - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
- February 14 - Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State
- February 22 - Hawaii officially becomes a territory of the United States.
- February 23 - Boer War: Battle of Hart's Hill[?] - In South Africa the Boers and British troops battle.
- February 27 - Boer War: In South Africa, British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje[?].
- February 27 - Ramsay MacDonald appointed secretary of newly formed British Labour Party
- March 6 - A coal mine[?] explosion in West Virginia traps 50 coal miners.
- March 11 - Boer War: Boer leader Paul Kruger's peace overtures are rejected by Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Lord Salisbury.
- March 13 - Boer Wars: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
- March 14 - The Gold Standard Act is ratified placing United States currency on the gold standard.
- March 16 - Sir Arthur Evans discovers the ruins of Knossos on Crete
- March 24 - New York City Mayor Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
- May 12 - Helene Weigel[?], actress (+ 1971)
- May 17 - Boer War: British troops relieve Mafeking
- May 18 - The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
- May 23 - Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor (awarded for heroism in the Battle of Fort Wagner[?] during the American Civil War).
- May 24 - British annex Orange Free State as Orange River Colony
- May 31 - British take Johannesburg
- June 5 - British take Pretoria
- July 5 - Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act passes British Parliament
- July 9 - Queen Victoria gives royal assent to Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act
- July 19 - King Umberto I[?] of Italy assassinated by anarchist near Milan
- July 30 - The Duke of Albany becomes Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as Karl Eduard[?] following the death of his uncle, Duke Alfred[?]
- August 27 - British defeat Boer commandos at Bergendal[?]
- November - William McKinley defeats William Jennings Bryan in the U.S. presidential election
Art, Culture & Fashion
- January 27 - Admiral Hyman Rickover, American admiral, proponent of the "nuclear Navy"
- January 28 - Heinrich Kesten[?], author (+ 1996)
- February 4 - Jacques Prevert, lyricist and author (+ 1977)
- February 5 - Adlai Stevenson, politician (+ [)
- February 11 - Thomas Hitchcock Jr[?], polo player
- February 11 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
- February 22 - Luis Buñuel, film director (+ 1983)
- February 28 - Wolfram Hirth[?], pilot and designer of aircrafts (+ 1959)
- March 2 - Kurt Weill, German composer
- March 9 - Howard Aiken[?], computing pioneer
- March 13 - George Seferis[?], Nobel prize-winning poet (+ 1971)
- March 19 - Frédéric Joliot, scientist
- March 23 - Erich Fromm, psychologist, philosopher (+ 1980)
- March 31 - Richard Alexander Walter Windsor[?], Duke of Gloucester
- April 5 - Spencer Tracy, actor (+ 1967)
- April 25 - Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, physicist
- April 26 - Charles Richter[?], geophysicist, inventor (+ 1985)
- May 1 - Ignazio Silone[?], Italian author; in Abruzzo region of Italy
- May 17 - Ruhollah Khomeini, (+ 1981)
- June 29 - Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer
- August 3 - Ernie Pyle, American journalist
- August 4 - Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, The Queen Mother of the United Kingdom
- August 25 - Sir Hans Adolf Krebs, German medical doctor[?] and biochemist[?]
- September 6 - W.A.C. Bennett, British Columbia politician (+ 1979)
- November 8 - Margaret Mitchell, American author
- April 30 - John Luther Jones, better known as Casey Jones, train wreck
- May 18 - Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher
- June 5 - Stephen Crane, American author; in Badenweiler, Baden[?], Germany
- July 19 - King Umberto I[?] of Italy; (assassinated) in Monza, near Milan, Italy
- July 30 - Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha[?], second son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom
- August 25 - Friedrich Nietzsche, philosopher, writer; in Germany
- September 23 - William Marsh Rice philanthropist, founder[?] of Rice University; (murdered) in New York City
- November 30 - Oscar Wilde, British author, playwright; in Paris, France
Literature & the Arts
1900 is also the title of a movie by Bernardo Bertolucci
1900 released in 1976 followed two men from different classes in Italy from 1900 to 1945. It shows the rise of fascism and communism and their effects on the main characters. It is an epic film by anybody's standards, in that in its original release it was over 6 hours in length although it was cut to 4 hours for release in the USA.
1900 is not a leap year even though the number is divisible by 4. It is one of the dropped leap years of the Gregorian Calendar.