Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s
Years: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 - 1865 - 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
- January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
- February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces.
- February 22 - Tennessee adopts a new constitution that abolishes slavery.
- March 3 - The United States Congress authorizes formation of the Freedmen's Bureau[?]
- March 13 - American Civil War: The Confederate States of America reluctantly agrees to the use of African American troops.
- March 18 - American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time
- March 19 - American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville[?] begins. By the end of the battle on the 21st the Confederate forces had retreated from Greenville, North Carolina.
- March 25 - American Civil War: In Virginia, Confederate forces capture Fort Stedman[?] from the Union.
- March 29 - American Civil War: Battle of Appomattox Court House[?] begins
- April 1 - American Civil War: Battle of Five Forks - In Petersburg, Virginia, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins his final offensive.
- April 2 - American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis and most of his Cabinet flee the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia which is taken the next day.
- April 9 - American Civil War: General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, effectively ending the American Civil War.
- April 14 - US President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
- April 26 - Union cavalry corner John Wilkes Booth and cavalryman Boston Corbett shoots the assassin dead.
- April 26 - American Civil War: Confederate General Joseph Johnston[?] surrenders his army to General William Tecumseh Sherman at Durham Station, North Carolina[?].
- April 27 - The steamboat Sultana[?], carrying 2,300 passengers, explodes and sinks in the Mississippi River, killing 1,700, most of whom were Union survivors of the Andersonville Prison[?].
- May 10 - American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia[?].
- May 13 - American Civil War: Battle of Palmito Ranch - In far south Texas, more than a month after Confederate General Lee's surrender, the last land battle of the civil war ends with a Union victory.
- May 23 - Parade down Pennsylvania Ave in Washington, DC to celebrate the ending of the American Civil War.
- May 25 - Mobile magazine explosion: 300 are killed in Mobile, Alabama when an ordnance depot explodes.
- July 5 - William Booth founds the Christian Mission (later renamed to the Salvation Army).
- December 24 - Several US Civil War Confederate veterans form the Ku Klux Klan.
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